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The List of Ten Commandments

of the "Ten Commandments"
For Judeans - For Catholics and Lutherans - For Orthodox and other Protestants
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We know there are Ten Commandments, because the Bible tells us so in three places, He proclaimed to you his covenant, which he commanded you to keep: the Ten Commandments, which he wrote on two tablets of stone (Deut.4:13, 10:4, Ex.34:28).

But there are at least 14 statements of God in the Decalogue, and experts count up to 25 statements of God as it was just shown... So, how do you come out with just "Ten"?...because their division is not fixed in the Bible, so some have to be joined together in order to make a list with the traditional number Ten.

Textually, there may be twelve commandments if one observes only the sentence structure: vv.2-7 show the formula 'you shall not' four times; vv.8-12 are easily divided into two: "remember to keep holy..." and "honor your father..."; vv.13-17 show 6 more "you shall nots."

But they are obviously "ten" in number, hence different methods of numbering them have been adopted, and they have been traditionally sorted into ten groups... and various faiths sort them differently.

The Septuagint is the oldest Old Testament we have. It is a Greek version of the Old Testament that was beginning to be translated around 285 BC. The Masoretic Text was not published until around 1050 AD. The Septuagint predates the Judean Masoretic Text by at least 1000 years. There are manuscripts of the Septuagint from the 4th century AD. Most Bibles today, such as the KJV, NASB, and NIV, translate the Old Testament from the Judean Masoretic text. However, the Septuagint is superior to the Masoretic text. It lists the Ten Commandments in a slightly different order than the Masoretic. Read more information on the Septuagint and the Masoretic text.

The main 3 faiths to sort them out into "Ten" are:

  1. The Judeans(sometimes mistranslated Jews):
    • First Commandment, Ex.20:2.
    • Second, Ex.20:3-6.
    • Tenth: The whole verse 17 (Ex.20:17)
  2. St. Augustine (Catholics and Lutherans):
    • First Commandment: Ex.20:2-6.
    • Second: Ex.20:7
    • Ninth: Ex.20:17... Tenth, the second half of the same verse... v.17 ought to be divided into two because our culture does not consider a wife as a chattel. So she should not be listed with the neighbor's ox and ass as an item of his property.
  3. Origen (Orthodox and other Reformed churches):
    • First Commandment: Ex.20:2-3.
    • Second: Ex.20:4-6
    • Tenth: The whole v.17 (Ex.20:17)

Table of the Three Groups:

THE TEN COMMANDMENTS LIST

 

JUDAISM

St. AUGUSTINE
Catholics and Lutherans

ORIGEN
Orthodox and
Other Protestants

Septuagint
1

I am the Lord thy God who have brought thee out of the house of bondage.

I am the Lord thy God and thou shalt not have any strange gods before me.

I am the Lord thy God and thou shalt not have other gods besides me.

I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods beside me.

2 Thou shalt have no other gods besides me. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. Thou shalt not make for thyself any graven image. Thou shalt not make to thyself an idol
3 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain
4 Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy. Honor thy Father and Mother. Remember the Lord's Day to keep it holy. Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy.
5 Honor thy Father and Mother. Thou shalt not kill. Honor thy Father and Mother. Honour thy father and thy mother.
6 Thou shalt not murder. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not adulterate.
7 Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal.
8 Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not kill.
9 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
10 Thou shalt not covet. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's goods. Thou shalt not covet. Thou shalt not covet.

http://biblescripture.net/Commandments.html

 

Printable List of the Ten Commandments

A pdf file is now available to print out a list of the ten commandments. ten_commandments_list.pdf

Reward for keeping the Ten Commandments List.
Deuteronomy 6:2-3
2 That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.
3 Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey.

The Ten Commandments Are

The Ten Commandmenets are given to us to obey.

Deuteronomy 6:7
7 And thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children, and shalt talk of them when thou sittest in thine house, and when thou walkest by the way, and when thou liest down, and when thou risest up.

Matthew 7:12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.

The List of Ten Commandments can be found in Exodus 20 or Deuteronomy 5.
Exodus 34:28
And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

Requirement to display the Ten Commandments list in our homes.
Deuteronomy 6:9
9 And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.

Exodus 15:26
And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.

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